- 1 The types and grades room geranium pictured description
- 1.1 Or bordered zonal Pelargonium (Pelargonium zonale)
- 1.2 Pelargoniums plyuschelistnye (Ivy-leaved Pelargonium)
- 1.3 Royal Pelargonium (Regal Pelargonium)
- 1.4 Pelargonium Angels (Angel Pelargonium)
- 1.5 Pelargoniums uniques (Unique Pelargonium)
- 1.6 Scented geranium (Scented-leaved Pelargonium)
- 2 Pelargonium home
- 3 Room geranium: photos, species and varieties
The types and grades room geranium pictured description
Undemanding to care, flowering for several months and are so bright Pelargonium because of the similarity is often called geraniums. Yet this is a separate large family, a photo room species and varieties of geranium to help sort out the existing diversity of these amazing plants native to South Africa.
Growing on the windowsills, balconies and loggias on the indoor geranium, as in the photo may look like a herbaceous subshrub or plants with erect stems, or flowing. All geraniums are of the highest decorative effect. Attention is drawn not only simple or double flowers of all shapes and colors, but also the unique leaves of the plant.
They can be broad, almost rounded, sculptured rugged, palmate, smooth corrugated, green and colorful.
Long known for potted geraniums as spectacular and hardy plants, led to the fact that the last hundred years:
- It was obtained by a great variety of varietal forms pelargonium;
- open domesticated and wild species;
- there were interspecific hybrids.
Therefore, the current classification is a kind of plant lovers around 250 distinct species and varieties of indoor plants gradation adopted in the international community gardeners, offer to use their identification based on external signs, as in the photo, varieties and species of geranium room:
- Stellar - stellate room geranium, their varieties and hybrids;
- Tulip - tulip Pelargonium;
- Unique - room geranium only ones;
- Zonal - zonal or bordered domestic varieties of pelargoniums.
- Angel - room geranium angels;
- Coloured Foliage - variegated varieties;
- Cactus - kaktusovidnye Pelargonium;
- Ivy-leaved - plyuschelistnye geranium, which can be of standard dimensions, and dwarf and thumbnail;
- Miniature and Dwarf - miniature and dwarf plants potted pelargoniums;
- Regal - regal geranium;
- Scented-leaved - scented geraniums.
Or bordered zonal Pelargonium (Pelargonium zonale)
All kinds of hybrids and varieties of this species Geranium room, as in the photo, grow well in a home on balconies and even on city flowerbeds. It is an undoubted leader in popularity and number of cultivated varieties bred, which has about 75 thousand today.
Among other domestic perennial geraniums zonal plant is easily recognized by the characteristic color of the leaves. On a bright green background clearly visible darker areas, which gave the name of the species of indoor geraniums, as in the photo. Zonal Pelargonium flowers can be as simple and terry.
In describing the varieties of geraniums in the photo, and in the names of plants using the following grading on the number of petals in the corolla:
- nemahrovye flowers consist of five petals - Single;
- semi-double flowers include from 6 to 9 and are denoted petals Semi-Double;
- double flowers geranium consist of 8 or more petals - Double.
Terry varieties are sometimes referred to Peony- geraniums, slightly wrong. This group of plants in the classification of recognized by the international community not.
Zonal geranium flowers differ not only in size and splendor. Long gone are the days when the windows adorned only red geraniums.
Depending on the type and species of pelargonium pleases eyes umbrella inflorescences of all shades of pink, cream, burgundy and crimson. Not uncommon plants with white, multicolored and even with yellow corolla, as geranium varieties photo titled First Yellow Improved.
But that's not all the strengths of the room geranium. Special attention from growers use varieties with uncharacteristic type form of the flower.
Rosaceae (Rose-bud Zonal pelargoniums)
An example is the rozovidnaya, as in the photo, geranium with double showy flowers, in structure and external appearance resembles a miniature English roses.
This kind of room geranium, its name and photo colors have been known since the last century in the world. The first information about the plants was published in the "Bulletin of the Royal Society of Horticultural Britain" in 1876. But in our country Rosaceae grade - while not widespread and are found only in the collections of the most enthusiastic gardeners.
Tulip room geranium (Tulipe-bud pelargonium)
A century later, growers got home geranium plants with flowers that even at the time of full bloom, have not been disclosed, remaining in the bud stage.
As a result of this, shown in the photo room geranium called tulip. Start varieties gave a spontaneous mutation, and exist today a few varieties and hybrids tulip geranium in growing or breeding sometimes try to return to the natural form.
Stellate room geranium (Stellar Zonal Pelargonium)
In the middle of the last century, florist Australia managed to get a room geranium having the original shape of the corolla is not similar to the pre-existing varieties.
Because of the acute-angled narrowed room geranium petals, the photo, called the stellate.
Currently available florist varieties and hybrids, not only with simple and double flowers of all colors, but the stellate Pelargonium with bright multicolor leaves.
Kaktusovidnye home geranium (Cactus Pelargonium)
Received at the turn of the XX century kaktusovidnye geranium today are extremely rare. A characteristic feature of these plants - large flowers with narrowed, sometimes needle-like petals that give the rim sloppy disheveled appearance.
Gvozdikotsvetnye Pelargonium (Carnation Pelargonium)
Potted geraniums in the photo, amazing variety of flowers, colors and types. One of the most unusual - gvozdikotsvetnaya zonal pelargonium variety with serrated petals, giving the similarity with flowers carnations.
Pelargoniums plyuschelistnye (Ivy-leaved Pelargonium)
Most varieties ampelnyh room geranium, as in the photo belong to a large group of pelargonium and leaves that resemble a dense green foliage ivy. Because of this similarity, many varieties with simple and large double flowers and is called plyuschelistymi.
Ampelnye geranium, as in the photo, it is a plant with creeping or flowing stems, reaching meter length. In the culture of these varieties are indispensable for vertical gardening, and to decorate hanging baskets. Potted Pelargonium and are used as a ground cover plants.
Leaves ampelnye geranium thick, leathery, unlike zonal species, entirely smooth.
Very interesting variegated forms plyuschelistnoy geranium, as in the photo.
Royal Pelargonium (Regal Pelargonium)
Many room geranium were obtained by breeding and hybridization between species. Through such efforts were royal Pelargonium with flowers up to 7 cm in diameter.
The peculiarity of these varieties and hybrids is not only the size of simple and semi-double corolla, but also in their multiple colors. On the petals necessarily have spots, streaks or specks of contrasting colors.
Pelargonium Angels (Angel Pelargonium)
Pelargonium Angels in appearance resemble plants 'royal' variety. But the flowers are somewhat smaller, and the existing varieties were obtained from crosses with curly Pelargonium grandiflorum.
Angels - this is basically ampelnye geranium, as in the photo, forming a magnificent crown of shoots with medium-sized monochrome foliage.
Pelargoniums uniques (Unique Pelargonium)
Hybrid plants produced from Pelargonium royal and brilliant, came to be called unique. This group belongs to the oldest varieties, although it is not so easy to find plants in the collections of gardeners.
Although the flowers of this species, as in the photo room geranium, similar to the royal plant flowers, but they are much smaller. But the foliage is often cracked, crimped, as well as a very pleasant odor.
For example, a green image in the photo geranium varieties named Paton's Unique has a sweet fruity aroma.
Scented geranium (Scented-leaved Pelargonium)
It was the smell of the pounded leaves of geraniums and drew the attention of the person in this plant. Until the last century, the focus in the selection of potted geraniums was not on the beauty of flowers and the flavor, because the plants were "living deodorants."
Similar varieties and hybrids geranium popular today. They have not hit a bright blooming flower clusters, or form, but are used for flavoring and cooking dishes, and household fragrances for storage of linen or clothing.
Depending on the species and variety, as in the photo, it leaves room geraniums can smell all sorts of fruit, mint and roses, nutmeg, carrot or needles.
The plant, which we usually call the Geranium room, is actually a very different flower - pelargonium. This is not synonymous, but two different representative geranium family! Today, a closer look at varieties of Pelargonium - unpretentious, but very showy and useful resident of our window sills.
Geranium and Pelargonium - two different plants belonging to the same family. The family of geranium - a grass and shrubs, residents of the southern latitudes, tropical, African countries. In Russia there are about 50 species of this rich family. One of them - a geranium, or "geranium", as it is popularly called. This garden, cold hardiness of the plant, which can spend the winter in the open field. Pelargonium - a kind of heat-loving perennial and flowering plants, which are not suitable for living in a cold climate, and grown as potted plants.
Living these beauties mainly in South Africa, but is also found in Australia and New Zealand may have a different color ampelnye and dwarf forms. In a separate genus pelargonium identified immediately, before it attributed to the geranium. It is therefore not surprising that we often call it the "Geranium room." Many people know the nickname of "cranes nose", which received a flower for its resemblance faded boxes with a long bird's beak. In addition to the «pelargos» Greek language means "pie".
In medieval England flower pelargonium home has become a symbol of the Victorian era. In the nineteenth century of African Exotic room geranium became a regular at European homes. And to this day on the exhibitions we can see the most rare varieties of the Swedish Kennel, England, Belgium and Germany. In Russia, it became popular in the 19th century, decorated with the Alexander Garden greenhouses and flowerbeds of the Vorontsov Palace in the Crimea.
It should be borne in mind that all pelargonium but fragrant, the leaves have a distinctive odor, which is like not all.
Zonal pelargoniums are so named for the color of foliage variegated zone, similar boasts room Krapivka. It is usually a few shades from light at the base - to dark at the edges. The color scheme varies from the familiar green and yellow to pink and purple. Also varied shades of the flowers of this elegant species - red, white, pink, magenta, purple, speckled, with rim, spotted, they can be scalloped, double, cupped.
Typically, this shrub plants, they grow in height from 12cm (dwarf) to 120cm (large). Flowering continues throughout the season from spring to autumn.
pelargonium zonal Graded pelargonium zonal Graded
Plyuschelistnye Pelargonium - the second group, so named because of the similarity with ivy. The foliage of these species is more dense, brings them closer to succulent plants. It ampelnye and curly, flowering varieties. There are double and semi-double variety with a very interesting and variegated color.
pelargonium plyuschelistnaya pelargonium plyuschelistnaya
The bloom is with pelargonium plyuschelistnaya spring until late autumn, and over the length of the shoots, flowers strewn can reach 1 m.
According to ancient beliefs, the red pelargonium promotes luck in love affairs, and white increases fertility. And Feng Shui, this flower has a favorable power.
Odorous Pelargonium can be isolated in a separate group. Some of them bloom modestly inconspicuous, others have variegated leaves. But all are endowed with flavors that you can feel, almost touching the foliage. Notes of rose, marjoram, lemon, lily, ginger, eucalyptus, sage, mint, apple, strawberry, cedar, nutmeg and many other fruits and herbs.
scented pelargonium scented pelargonium
Pelargonium pink - the source of the famous geranium oil, which is considered a worthy analogue of pink. Home flower scented pelargonium can be used as natural flavor.
There are other less numerous groups who are relatively recent. Royal pelargonium - a species with large flowers. Pelargonium angels have unusual flowers, reminiscent of "pansy." There are often unique species obtained by crossing.
Angel and Royal pelargonium pelargonium
Current studies suggest that room geranium absorbs toxic substances, disinfects the air around them. Next to it is useful to other indoor plants, as pelargonium deters pests: aphids, whiteflies, and even moles.
Pelargonium - not the most whimsical of the flowering plants, but still requires adherence to certain rules of care. Regardless of blooming you got, or fragrant, conditions are about the same.
Pelargonium home - photophilous plant. The presence of a stable lighting is especially important for flowering varieties in the spring-summer season. For growing zone and plyuschelistnoy species suitable windows, oriented to the south, they are not afraid, even in direct sunlight. On the north side of the bloom may be very poor, or absent altogether. Scented pelargonium not whimsical to the light, in the absence of solar space and can grow in partial shade, but from a strong deficit of light branches can stretch and thin out the foliage.
Summer flower pelargonium can hold on to the balcony, to the temperature extremes it is tolerant, as well as to summer heat. The temperature range in which there is no loss geranium - from 5 to 35 degrees. Winter mode depends on the temperature - if it is possible to provide a cool winter geraniums, additional lighting is required, at a temperature higher than 16 degrees is necessary to highlight the plant, so that it has developed properly. Artificial supplementary lighting in winter.
Geranium room is most afraid of the overflow. In the summer during the flowering soil dries out quickly, and in cool conditions can long remain moist. When wetting the plant roots can lose and die! At temperatures below 10 degrees reduce watering to 1 times a month if wintering plant under conditions -18-20 degrees water supply it is possible after the primer has dried completely. Even in the summer during the active flowering, it is better to water less, but more abundant. 8 rules of watering flowers.
The spraying Pelargonium home does not need. In the warm water therapy it will not hurt, but in the cool conditions excessive humidity will create a favorable environment for the development of the fungus.
Start adding fertilizer to the spring, when there is strong growth and the formation of buds. Frequency of feedings - every 2 weeks. In early spring, when there is a formation of new leaves and the root system develops, it is necessary nitrogen component, it is also necessary fragrant species that are valued for their decorative foliage. During flowering and zonal plyuschelistnye Pelargonium need phosphorus-potassium dressing may be used universal mineral mixture with a predominance of the elements (e.g., with a ratio of N-P-K: 16-27-20). Table micronutrient for plants.
Pelargonium, geranium bedroom or respond well to organic fertilizing (mullein, sapropel, vermicompost, compost, ash) which should be applied, alternating with mineral. The use of organic matter.
Pelargonium flower loves a rich and nutritious soil, peat substrates so light it does not fit in its purest form. As a basis we can take purchase a mixture of humus, peat or dark, add to her garden soil, leaf mold. Be sure to dilute the mixture of sand, it will improve the soil structure, because it should not be difficult, and "clogged". Instead of sand suitable vermiculite, perlite, fine expanded clay. Flower soil: do at home.
The shape of the pot does not play a role, but the cookware size matters. In too large a pot will be difficult to find their way to the watering, its diameter should be only 2-3 cm. Larger than the size of the root system. Ampelnye shapes look good in hanging pots and spray - in wide boxes. How to choose a flower pot.
Do I need to cut pelargonium?
Pruned pelargonium homepage subjected warm spring (March to April) to form beautiful compact bush shorten the stretched-out during the winter shoots. On a branch should be left for at least three buds and small shoots can be pinched out to encourage. Pruning should be carried out sharp shears or a knife and slices gloss over charcoal. The photo shows the seat trim blue line.
From cuttings is possible to grow a new plant. They root easily right into the ground - a light mixture of peat and sand. When the stalk and roots will get stronger, put it in a nutrient substrate. Blooming Pelargonium breeds, including seeds. The best time for planting the seeds - in March and April. pelargonium bloom in the same year with stable development. Primer for planting seeds advise pretreat "fitosporin-M 'to prevent widespread disease of the seedlings - blackleg.
Seeds are planted at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other, slightly covered with earth, placed on a window sill under the light film. The first shoots at a temperature of 18-22 degrees appear after ten days, and the growth rate depends on the variety. It is necessary to keep the soil slightly moist, and picks to make after the appearance of the second pair of true leaves.
Pelargonium - not difficult to care for the flower, however, in the home is not uncommon to run into problems.
So flower can respond to the change of conditions in the changing seasons. Common cause withering old leaves is the lack of light in winter. If the room is warm, the leaves continue to grow, but the plant donates old. In order to low light conditions wintering passed without loss, it is necessary to lower the temperature to 16 degrees. If this is not possible, it is important to establish a permanent artificial supplementary lighting.
Actively yellowing leaves may at presushivanii and wetting the soil, such tests are generally harmful to the Pelargonium, so watering stability is very important.
More finicky to care royal, varietal types. Zonal and Pelargonium plyuschelistnaya pleasure bloom on sunny windows. Stimulate flowering helps cool wintering and spring cropping. After pruning is necessary to put the pot on the very bright place and start feeding - first for decorative foliage, and the emergence of buds - for flowering plants (see above.).
Even formed buds may not open and fall off, if the flower is cold, or in the care of the changes were. It is not recommended to move the pot with the plant at the time of occurrence of the buds at this time is particularly important to observe the stability of watering and fertilizing. Without light, the young plants may not have enough strength to bloom, but sunny days with the advent of the situation should return to normal.
Brown spots appear due to waterlogging, with an excess of micronutrients in the soil (salinity substrate). If spots (also strain) are massive, you can suspect the presence of diseases - fungal, bacterial, or physiological. Plant diseases: photos and signs. Individual spots may occur due to exposure to cold, or sunburn. It is important to inspect the leaves on the presence of pests, whose operating results are also reflected in the appearance of the plant. Diagnosis of pests on the photo.
Usually at the end of the winter growers can watch the stretched-out shoots with long internodes and small upper leaves. Rectify the situation can spring pruning. Do a better job with the onset of stable sunny weather, so that the new leaves are strong and thick. If a haircut too early to have a daily dosvechivat plant artificial lights.
If you have any questions, be sure to ask them in the comments. ✿ If you like the article, share it on social networks.
Hello! Can you please tell how to get seeds from pelargoshki? Rather, as the time to gather? I think will boll)) in the fading peduncle)
Honestly, I never engaged in the collection of Pelargonium seeds. Usually propagated by cuttings in it, which is a lot after the spring pruning. But there is a seminal method of reproduction, however, not all pelargoniums produce seeds. If your belongs to the seed species, after flowering stalk formed the so-called "beaks" with seeds inside. It is necessary to wait for their maturation, it is about a month, so that they become dry and easily separated from the peduncle. Then seeds will be planted.
Oh, Christina, you are very happy! Hello! So everything turned out interesting, funny! I wrote a long letter and the photos chosen in the hope that they, too, will go with a letter. But to my regret, the letter did not go away, I tried again and again (I can not work here in the system) then waited and still did even the postscript. It also did not go. I rastroilas and turned off the computer. And today, I come - as a child was glad that everything is in place. Now, about the case: these photos were made for nesk.nedel before trimming. When I wrote to you that I will make photos that. do not difficult. But send them to me without success. And yesterday I just porobovala send them. Nadozhe, it turned out !. So you are now clear. White leaves gradually disappeared. I decided to cut because that high pelargosha Pts. I felt sorry for her that her hard. Well, at the same time I acquired a new germ of hope. Like this. And the ratio of land to the tofu, I wrote wrong. There is land to peat 3: 1. So you can mix with the land tofom. There are sellers so * recommended *, but I do not trust them. It's all sold on the market. I really like the ceramic pots and bowls of tulips without glaze. You have to have a photo pot without glaze svetlenky this is just what I like. I'm probably too much writing, I probably Pts. sensitive. Okay thank you. Ahh! germ can be planted without root ?. It leaves go well. I would also like to create blogs. Bye! Good luck! Have a good mood.
Natalia, it turns out that now your pelargosha become shorter? Properly done everything. It can be updated annually, cut the stretched-out branches. If you want, you can direct me to the post office to write: [email protected] Without glaze pots no easy even for us, all of them painted. It's a little worsens their breathability, but not critical. You too good luck and health of your "Trust")))
Zonal pelargonium, plant height is now 40 cm., 15 cm diameter pot.
Christine, hello! Long ago you did not write, sorry. I cut my geranium 2 tops. I put them in water. One of them quickly dried up, and the other grows well in water. Send leaves. And the main tree (oiled slices aktivir.uglem) went lateral leaflets. Let it be for now. But I do not know. In your recommendations, I have not found kakoyzhe choose a pot for pilargonii form. I do not know what her roots. The new process immediately want to put into a new pot and the land which bought. There's just the earth for flowers wagon and peat. I want it all smeshat.Tam about 1: 3. Ceramic pot bought in its sole discretion - the tulip, do not like that it is covered with glaze. But the choice we och meager. barely found it. not small. Height 15 cm. In diameter 19. Will this pot. for a little.? And multiply pilargoniyu not found. While all. More I can not write - knocks monitor-like hot-disabled. Thank you. If you find the time I'd be happy for me. I just do admire you. You almost immediately otvechaete- you are on all the time. Surely, you have a family, enough worries. Later still I write. If there is not so I write - seg.ochen ustala.Udachi.
Natalia, I'm glad that you have written. Great result, congrats. In the photo the "mother" plant? Yellow leaves - these are new, which rose after pruning?
At first glance, the earth in the pot a little bit "too heavy", with the following transplantation dilute it with peat. Next spring you can replant your adult geranium in a pot at 3-4 cm. In diameter more than that.
Thank you for your comment - added to the article information on the size of the pot and reproduction. About the size of the pot for new plants ... It depends on the size of its root system, it is not desirable for it to be much more where it is possible to 3-4 cm. To leave the reserve for growth, it is better to transplant as you grow then. Ceramic, or plastic - does not matter, in the form from Pelargonium also no special requirements. "Tulip" is just right (for me also in this growing).
Pure peat use to dilute the soil mixture. Can be used for planting and garden soil (pre-sort it to pests was not), dilute it with peat, sand. A universal substrate can be purchased and used in pure form, if it is a mixture, then it already has all the ingredients.
Thank you for your kind words, Natalia! I respond immediately when it turns. Now in the summer a lot of cases, is therefore not always possible. But I try the site - this is my child, and flowers very much. All combine is hard, but for interesting)))
Natalya, hello! Thank you for your kind words. 🙂
Yellowing lower leaves usually from lack of light and just by age. When overflow brown leaf on the edge, the disease is also caused obvious stains (it is often the spot). If the leaves have a uniform color, just not bright green, and pale, yellowish, perhaps lacking some micronutrients (especially if the new leaves behind in development). Especially, if at the same time you have it blooms. Fed up with something? Leaves at growth do not change color to green?
It seems to me, though it may not have enough light, it is also said, and extended branches. Accustom gradually to the sun, can be put on the direct rays of the eastern or western window, where the sun is gentle to 12 hours, or after 2 days.
I'll tell you how to care for their pelargonium. I bought just this year, a small stalk on the market. Once transplanted into a pot and put on the most sunny window sill (southwest). I fertilize every other watering times through mineral complex \ organic (granular horse manure). Actively growing, large flower stalks. I noticed that with the growth of the lower leaves turn yellow old, due to the density of the crown they lack light. Once I poured the slightly right of the yellow leaves of acquired rim. For pelargoshi as I understand it is important: a lot of light, steady watering and fertilizing during flowering. It would be interesting to look at a photo of your seedlings.
Christine, hello! Very grateful to you for the answer. I suspected that my pilargoshe lacks micronutrients. Our land is not such as you have in Russia. Practically it is yellow. Now I will look for solid foods. Again, we have little choice but to think to find. Yes, the leaves appear during the growth of such a bright yellow color. There was also a yellow bud. I'm surprised - in such a situation it is still blooming !. Direct rays in my apartment there, on either side. Only in the evening the slanting rays, but powerful, because the sun is very hot. At this time, the thermometer on the window 40 *. Even have to close the curtain. So, I think my pilargonii light enough. On the other window sills light means. less. And recently appeared on the lower pieces of brown spots. Advise what other fertilizing there! Perhaps in your article there are recommendations, and see. We have a small selection of shops do not have such koechto only on the market. Photo and will try to do, she just does not know how, ask kogonib inserted into a computer, it's a matter of time. Thanks again for the place and the attention to me and my baby. Good luck and love of others.
Natalia, thank you for your wishes! You too all the best, good luck in floriculture and more pleasant emotions in life.
As for brown spots can assume that it is overflowing. The slightest excess moisture instantly affected. Let dry out between watering the ground almost entirely. Easy to peresushka geranium is better than excess water.
About fertilizing. I have an article: flowery-blog.ru/poleznie-statiy/udobreniya-i-podkormki/podkormka-rastenij-mineralnye-udobreniya.html It describes the variety of fertilizers.
Some special fertilizing Pelargonium do not need, you can use any universal mineral mixes for flowering. I applied the "Agricola" in liquid and soluble form, "fop" is also a good fertilizer, "Rainbow" in a liquid form I liked. Such feeding can be found even in hardware stores. Another use fertilizer "Summer resident" - it is an organic half, with an extract of horse manure and grasses. Yet I had "Orgavit" - a dry pellets of bird droppings and horse manure, and they can be ordered via the Internet.
Fertilize a little bit half dose every second watering. During flowering and growth of geranium useful fertilizing, but do not overdo it, the excess is bad too. From the excess immediately spots appear on the leaves.
According to you enough light for subsequent irrigation, buy any universal fertilizer to start and your pelargosha will delight flowering and forming healthy leaves. And the land we have also not so hot, it is clay and heavy, not for all colors. I usually take a piece of land with a suburban area, dilute it with purchased light peat soils, can still add vermiculite (it loosens), dacha land never use in its pure form.
Good luck to you! Write about your achievements, attach a photo of your beauty!
Do not be afraid, there is no buttons "reply", you can click "reply" to my previous comment to insert the photo (this feature is, just below the comment form).
Christine, hello! Finally, I got to write you a letter. It was not until then. For its geranium acquired land package of about 2 kg. and the average pot torfa.Dumayu, it's all mixed in the soil to transplant it. At the bottom of the pot will put the crushed shells of eggs, about one-third of the pot. My geraniums one rootstock and 2 long branches. I want to transplant to separate these branches. Can I? And I'll do it as it is written correctly? There will be more questions later. Thank you. I will try to send the photo.
How is your geraniums? Land purchase - black earth? You can add to the mix of vermiculite or perlite, it improves soil structure. You can use any baking powder: sawdust, river sand, bark, and still useful to add charcoal, it prevents disease and rot. The shell can be used instead of the drain, as many do. Only a pot too large does not take it to be a little more of the root system and there was not too much free soil. Otherwise it will be a long time to dry out and will create excess moisture in the pot. Below I put a photo of his rastyushki. Here in this pot it grows in me has grown from a small twig. I plan to transplant next spring in a slightly larger size.
And how to divide the branches, if only one rhizome? And whether or not to traumatize the plant once again? Plant as it is, let it be more lush bush, then it can mow and it still will grow.
Hello! I'm on the geranium appear young leaves yellow! This is the norm or illness? Although the sun I have enough! Not only the direct rays. Branch to her very stretched. How can I help her? Acquired this spring a little rostochkom. I watered when the top soil is dry, but every day, unnecessarily. we have very hot, I live in Tashkent. I love her so much. It bloomed already 2 times. 2 was flower. Probably not soon get an answer. But I'm going to wait. Thank you! Really like your site. Natalia.
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"To live, we need sunshine, freedom and a little flower» ✿.
Author Site: Christina Reznik.
✿ Check the winter shelter in the garden. Add the snow, if it is not enough between plants.
✿ Carry out an audit of existing seeds of flower crops: what are planted in the ground, and some - on the seedlings.
✿ storage conditions Keep bulbs and tuberous plants. At the end of the month, prepare for forcing bulbs in February.
✿ It's time to do the planning for future landings.
✿ Prepare substrates for seedlings, fertilizer purchase and check the garden tools.
✿ Watch the humidity in the apartment, usually spray houseplants.
✿ Analyze illumination. If required, provide artificial illumination lamps.
3 January - 16 January ◐ (waning moon) - it is advisable not to carry out traumatic procedure, it is possible to curb the nipping growth.
18 January - 30 January ◑ (Waxing Crescent) - an auspicious time for making fertilizing, transplanting and pruning, planting seeds, propagation by cuttings.
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Room geranium: photos, species and varieties
Pelargonium (Geranium) - is suffrutescent or herbaceous flower, geranium which belongs to the group. More than 400 varieties of it are found in all corners of the world. It received its name from the Greek name of the shape of the fruit, which are similar to cranes beak, and in Germany, this flower is called the "nose of a stork."
In Europe, pelargonium were imported from Africa in the 17th century. Peculiar smell, and ornamental plants have won her great popularity in aristocratic circles, and then began to appear geraniums in the gardens of other classes. In our country pelargonium came in the 18th century, and since that time has become the most favorite flower almost all gardeners. This is due to its beautiful flowers, dynamic growth and unpretentious in care.
Pelargonium species: photo and description
In the wild, there are about 250 species of geranium. Development breeders helped to create many hybrids and varieties characterized by their form, color of leaves and inflorescences. Pelargonium room is divided into several groups:
This flower is the most popular variety, as well as numerous species that have a large number of varieties. All varieties of geranium fairly stable and are characterized by lush flowering. In most cases, all of the class room geranium have direct trunk rich refrains foliage shape and surround a brown or red tint. The leaves of this variety are pubescent, and at the same time they create a peculiar smell.
The shape of the zonal pelargonium flowers are:
- Terry - on the flowers more than 8 lobes;
- Semi-double - on the flowers to 8 petals;
- Usual - have 5 petals.
The form of this variety of flowers, too, is different:
- Tulip, like a closed tulip flowers;
- Rozebudy, with pink or red bud-like form is not fully open rose;
- Cactus with twisted and narrow petals, reminiscent of red chrysanthemums;
- Stellate, leaves and flowers of the same shape as the stars;
- Formosa, with flowers in the form of sprockets and dissected into 5 parts foliage;
- Deacon, small flowers are collected in a bouquet of purple, red and pink shades.
Coloring the petals is also distinguished by its diversity. They can be multi-color, two-color or monochrome, with or without a border. Separately isolated flowers, which are called "bird eggs", They have dark blotches ovate with dotted dots and stripes. Flowering varieties of pelargoniums occurs during the summer, and if the plant is not put in the winter in a state of rest, it can bloom all year round.
Zonal pelargoniums are divided and height:
- Microminiature - 14 cm;
- Dwarf - 14-25 cm;
- Normal - 25-70 cm;
- Irene - up to 70 cm.
The name of this type of geranium given by the colors of the leaves with clearly defined areas, a central portion and bezel have a different hue. The edging can be red, white, blue and burgundy colors. The middle sheet is very different, even a black, silver or gold. There are varieties with tri-colored foliage.
It is considered the most attractive plants of this variety. It has very large flowers of different colors: pink, white, purple, burgundy and red. flowers can reach a diameter of 16 cm., and the same size in height.
Hybrids of this plant have started to appear in the 19th century, and became a royal geranium room a favorite of gardeners everywhere. Her large flowers terry or plain forms are fluted or wavy petals, on which all the time are streaks or dark spot, which is a characteristic feature of this kind. Two petals on top of the larger and more velvety than others.
The plant can reach a height of 15 cm. If you look at photos of royal geranium, it can be seen that the rough and jagged leaves are very similar to maple leaves, and at the same time are both monophonic and bright.
This variety is Pelargonium most whimsical flower of all the geraniums, at the same time of flowering is much smaller than the other (no more than 4 months) and occurs only after two years of growth.
This variety of geranium has the most pleasant aromas, for it got its name, as well as recognition of the gardeners. If you carefully touch the leaf plants, you can immediately feel the various strong flavors, among them you can feel a lemon, rose, strawberry, ginger, mint.
To date, derived hybrids that smell like apple, nutmeg, lilac, almond, pine and even pineapple and kiwi.
The flowers of this small room Pelargonium and usually have purple or pink, as well as different shape. Bright incised foliage is 5-7 parts. In the photo you can see that the foliage geranium looks like terry.
The use of scented pelargonium
From this cultivar extract geranium oil, which has a large number of unique properties, and has a vast application in medicine, perfumes, cosmetics, as well as in cooking. This oil is added to the syrups for drinks, jellies and candies. A couple of drops of oil to clean, which is found sometimes, bad milk.
The leaves of this variety are added to teas, cakes and fruit dishes. With the help of them made fragrant sugar. Why in a glass bowl placed layers of sugar and leaves. Bank 14 days expose to the sun. After the leaves are removed and immediately the sugar used for the manufacture of various dishes.
This variety of geraniums is ampelnye kind of herbaceous plants. Fragile and pull-down the shoots of this plant can be up to 1 m. The shiny leaves rich green color in the form of stars reminiscent of ivy, which gave the name to this flower.
Flowers in the bud can be terry, semi-double size and simple to 5 cm. Their color may vary from pure white to black and blue. Flowering takes place early summer to late autumn.
It looks great as decoration loggias and balconies, especially when in a suspended pot planted several species with different color of buds.
This type is characterized by violotsvetnymi geranium buds that "Pansy eyes" like a flower. Plant to 35 cm. Height (at constant pruned) It has a rather elegant form, lush branching and unpretentious in the care. Blooming continues throughout the summer, the flowers can be pink, white, purple, violet with dark stripes or spots on the two upper lobes.
The age of these colors goes back more than a century. Only ones were obtained by crossing brilliant and royal varieties. The dark green leaves of the plant are cut strongly and have a light spicy scent. Flowers much like a royal geranium, but slightly smaller in size. As a rule, they have a middle of white and red color of the leaves. Varieties of pink and white are scarce. Some kinds of different dark streaks and spots.
This is a rather unusual sort of geranium. Woody stems of plants from below strongly curved and branched. When the air dryness and discards weak watering bush leaves. The plant has a rather fanciful shapes that resemble various fantastic creatures. Branches sometimes have thorns. This flower usually selected for processing bonsai, and as exotic plants for decorating the room. Of the 10 species of this plant, as a rule, can be found geranium kortuzolistnuyu, hunchbacked, pushistolistnuyu, fleshy, angular and tolstostebelnuyu.
The popularity of this sort of geranium earned through their silnorassechennye, pubescent, bright green leaves of complex shape. Bush is quite high, it can grow up to 1.5 meters. When you touch the leaves begin to emit a strong scent of lemon.
For the unique healing properties of many types of geranium, Bulgarians call it "health resort". And in fact, it greatly helps in many diseases:
- Toothache passes if geraniums hold long in the mouth;
- Inflammation and feeling the pain of otitis media can be removed mashed leaves scented pelargonium, if lay them into the ear canal;
- Infusion geranium is great for stress and nervousness, as well as treating gout and colds;
- Attached to the wrist leaf geranium stabilize pressure;
- Itching, wounds, eczema and edema using baths of leaves;
- The aroma of this flower eliminates irritability, insomnia, and headache;
- The plant also helps the pet in the treatment of ear mites;
- Broths roots and leaves are used for kidney disease, diabetes and deposition of salts.
Speaking of the Pelargonium, you can not fail to mention the essential oils that are made from this plant. Today, without the use of already does not do any cosmetic or perfume or confectionery or soap industry. Also, this oil can not be without coloring and dressing of certain types of skin.
In folk medicine, a couple of drops of oil diluted in a glass of water is used to treat ulcers, urinary tract infections, diarrhea, diabetes, bleeding.
Also, this oil is an anthelmintic agent. Oil bath used as eczema, burns, high pressure and headache.
But do not forget that, like all the traditional methods of treatment, use geranium has some contraindications, while it can not replace medical therapy. Because before seeking treatment with it, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Geranium perfectly cleans the air, removes odors (e.g., soot). At the same time it is well struggling with moths, flies and mosquitoes.
This flower is considered a talisman that protects the house from the many ills and does not go to him to people with bad intentions. The plant has a positive energy, and therefore many superstitions and omens associated with it, have a positive focus.
If the home is the flower, the household almost never suffer from stress and do not quarrel. According to ancient beliefs geranium oil protects against the evil eye, dark forces and other evil spirits. And the girls were carrying small bags filled with geraniums to attract suitors. And the ladies at the age they helped preserve youth and attractiveness.
Blossoming white geranium was a sign addition to the family, because it is the custom to give it to couples who for a long time can not have children. In this white geraniums still protects from ruin and disaster.
But red geranium useful for those couples who are always in conflict. This flower carries in the house calmness and removes all negative emotions.
Big role and rose geranium. She can resurrect extinct feelings of spouses for a long time of living together. It returns the emotion, passion and impetuosity in the relationship. Also it is used against witchcraft. Since it is the flower of delight, then it is advised to keep in homes where creative people live.
Also there is a belief that the geraniums, the more red, helps its owners to properly manage money, that accompanies the material well-being. And if it is set near the azalea pot, then the flow of money is not necessarily inevitable.
Astrologers say that the room geranium can quickly extinguish the anger and wrath, to neutralize the negative energy in the room, to develop a sense of humor and relax the nerves.
In places where there is a geranium, never usual snakes.
If this plant is, in fact, is at least part of the prescribed properties, the question whether it is possible to plant geraniums at home is no longer relevant, placing it on your windowsill, perhaps, it will be possible to decorate your home and get rid of many problems in the family and home .